Election Commission of India
Election commission is appointed to superintend, direct and control of preparation of electoral rolls and conduct elections to Parliament, State Legislatures and to the offices of President and Vice-President. Election commission is autonomous body, and the Constitution ensures, in the case of supreme court and high court that it may able to function freely without any executive interference.
Election commission plays a vital role in organizing elections. The most challenging is to conduct free and fair elections in the country. The self-governing elections are not free now from disruption. It has been empowered to supervise political parties and candidates. One general electoral roll for every territorial constituency .
“No person shall be ineligible for inclusion in any such roll on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or any of them. The elections to the parliament and state legislatures are to be held on the basis of adult suffrage. Every person who is a citizen of India and who is not less than 18 years of age is not otherwise disqualified under this constitution or any law made by the legislature on the ground of non-residence, unsoundness of mind, crime, or illegal practice, has a right to be registered as a voter.
The Government choose the timing of the general election. The election commission’s role is to take over the actual conduct and supervision of the elections. The duty and power to initiate elections lies with government . At present Election Commission consists of Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners. The President has power to select Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners. The tenure of six years or up to the age of 65 years. Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from office only through accusation by Parliament. The concept of commission has been in decision-making power by majority vote.
- Election Commission of India conduct free and reasonable elections.
- The Model Code of Conduct in every election for political parties and candidates so that decorum of democracy is maintained.
- Registers the political parties which are eligible for elections.
- Political parties must submit their annual reports to the Election Commission of India for getting tax benefit on contributions.
- Political parties should regularly submit their audited financial report.
1. To supervise, direct, control and conduct all elections to parliament and State Legislatures as also to the office of the President and Vice- President of India.
2. To make general rules for election.
3. To determine constituencies and to prepare electoral rolls.
4. To give credit to political parties.
5. To appoint tribunals for solve disputes arising out with election to parliament and State Legislatures.
The election commission has conducted a number of electoral reforms to democracy and boost the fairness of elections. However, the system is still afflict by many corruption activities. To win votes political parties resort to corrupt practices. Such practices are unfair and Election Commission have power to appoint tribunals to punish such political parties. The commission has taken new initiatives regarding Electronic Media for broadcast by political parties and other information related to elections. New technologies related to electoral machineries make fair chances of elections.
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